Central Asia: History
The history of Central Asia is defined by the area's climate and geography. The aridness of the region made agriculture difficult and its distance from the sea cut it off from much trade. Thus few major cities developed in the region, instead the area was for millennia dominated by the nomadic horse peoples of the steppe.
Relations between the steppe nomads and the settled people in and around Central Asia were long marked by conflict. The nomadic lifestyle was well suited to warfare and the steppe horse riders became some of the most militarily potent peoples in the world, only limited by their lack of internal unity. Any internal unity that was achieved, was most probably due to the influence of the Silk Road, which traveled along Central Asia. Periodically great leaders or changing conditions would organize several tribes into to one force, and create an almost unstoppable power. These included the Hun invasion of Europe, the Wu Hu attacks on China and most notably the Mongol conquest of much of Eurasia.
The dominance of the nomads ended in the sixteenth century, as firearms allowed settled peoples to gain control of the region. Russia, China, and other powers expanded into the region and had captured the bulk of Central Asia by the end of the nineteenth century. After the Russian Revolution the Central Asian regions were incorporated into the Soviet Union. Mongolia remained independent but became a Soviet satellite state. The Soviet areas of Central Asia saw much industrialization and construction of infrastructure, but also the suppression of local cultures, hundreds of thousands of deaths from failed collectivization programs, and a lasting legacy of ethnic tensions and environmental problems.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union five countries gained independence. In all the new states former Communist Party officials retained power as local strongmen. None of the new republics could be considered functional democracies, although it appears Kyrgyzstan may achieve this. Other parts of Central Asia remain part of China or Russia.
Central Asia: Definitions
Central Asia: Geography
Central Asia: Climate
Central Asia: History
Central Asia: Culture
Central Asia: Religions
Central Asia: Arts
Central Asia: Demographics
Central Asia: Languages
Central Asia: Travel
Central Asia: Tours
Central Asia: Tourism
The source of the information is website www.wikipedia.org
Roxana Tour offers the following services:
- Ordering and booking of hotel (group and individual orders).
- Meeting at the airport and accompaning in hotel.
- Transportation services.
- Air tickets booking.
- Group and individual excursion programs in the cities of , , , and all other cities of Uzbekistan.
Roxana Tour offers delightful tours around Uzbekistan:
- Culture and history tours around the ancient cities of , , , , Termez and others.
- Pilgrimage tours around the sacred places in Bukhara, Samarkand, Nurata, Tashkent.
- Zoroastrianism tours.
- Extreme tours: heli-ski, heli-boarding, free-ride, rafting, rock-climbing, trekking, mountain bike, bike-riding tours, fishing, hunting.
- Jeep-safari tours.
- Camel tours, with a night in the heart of the Kyzyl-Kum Desert.
- Wedding tours.
- Ornithology (birds) and entomology (insects) tours.
Please contact us if you have any questions.
Telephone: +99890 176 98 83
Roxana Tour Co.
Usmon Nosir 128 bld 8
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Uzbekistan Fast Facts
Uzbekistan is located in the central part of Central Asia, between two great rivers the Amudarya and the Syrdarya. A combination of plains and mountains characterizes the country landscape. The plateau Ustyurt, the old bed of the river Amudarya, the Kizilkum desert, Karshy steppe are mixed here with Western Tien Shan, Ugam, Pskem, Chatkal, Turkestan, Zarafshan Mountain Ranges and fertile valleys of the Fergana and Samarkand Basin.
Uzbekistan Tours Itineraries
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